Types of Legal Structure

If you belong to a new group or know of a group that intends to start, here’s some useful advice.

Once the group starts to progress and consider projects that require funding (for example), it may be time to have rules and regulations through a legal structure, to help guide the work to avoid any difficult situations in future.


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Many funding organisations also want to see a Theory of Change plan that outlines in more detail how a social-gain focussed organisation that provides services for civic benefit will make a diffirence. The Center for Theory of Change provides some useful tools that can be accessed and used as pat of planning and development work:

Theory of Change is essentially a comprehensive description and illustration of how and why a desired change is expected to happen in a particular context. It is focused in particular on mapping out or “filling in” what has been described as the “missing middle” between what a program or change initiative does (its activities or interventions) and how these lead to desired goals being achieved. It does this by first identifying the desired long-term goals and then works back from these to identify all the conditions (outcomes) that must be in place (and how these related to one another causally) for the goals to occur. These are all mapped out in an Outcomes Framework.

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